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Social Policy and Social Programs: A Method for the Practical Public Policy Analyst, 6th Edition

Donald E. Chambers
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Social Policy and Social Programs: A Method for the Practical Public Policy Analyst, 6th Edition

By Donald E. Chambers, Jane Frances Bonk
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Overview
Author
Donald E. Chambers
...show all
Edition
6th
ISBN
9780205052769
Published Date
04/11/2012
Pages
224

Explores the basics of social policy and program analysis, such as designing new programs or evaluating and improving existing ones.

 

Social Policy and Social Programs is distinctive in providing specific criteria for judging the effectiveness of social policies and programs. These criteria can be applied to the analysis of widely different social services such as counseling and therapeutic services, supportive assistance, and “hard” benefits like food stamps, cash, and housing vouchers.

 

By focusing especially on social problems, policies, and programs in major practice areas like child welfare, health, poverty, and mental illness, the author provides students with the tools they need to understand and evaluate the programs in which they are doing their field placements.

 

Learning Goals

Upon completing this book readers will be able to:

  • Analyze the effectiveness of current social programs
  • Create new programs based on the criteria provided
  • Apply what they have learned to evaluate their field placement programs
Biography

Donald Chambers received his undergraduate degree in Biology and Psychology from Stanford University in 1950, his Masters degree in Social Work from the University of Nebraska in 1952 and his Doctoral degree from Washington University (St. Louis) in 1967. He practiced as a social worker in Nebraska for nine years and was Director of a regional mental health clinic in Pocatello, Idaho for three years before his appointment to the staff of the Mental Health Institute at Clarinda, Iowa.  He retired after 27 years as a Professor in the School of Social Welfare at the University of Kansas where he taught social policy courses and evaluation research for many years. He did research at the British Library in London, England, on policy topics, primarily the British Workman's Compensation system and the British tradition of social policy. In various years he was the recipient of Fulbright Research awards for the study of adoption law and administration in Central American countries. He is the author of a book on Evaluation Research as well as on a method for the analysis of Social Policy and Programs. Over the years he published in leading policy journals in both England and the United States.

 

Jane Bonk has a Bachelor of Liberal Arts for St. John’s College, a Masters from the School of Social Services Administration, University of Chicago, and earned a Ph.D. from Jane Addams College of Social Work, University of Illinois at Chicago. She has worked as a practitioner and an administrator for over thirty years in both non-profit and for-profit social welfare organizations in child welfare and mental health. She has taught at the Master’s Level in social work. Currently, she is a Commissioner for the Council on Accreditation (COA) where she has been very active in implementing The Hague Treaty for International Adoption.

Features
  • The 6th edition features two new online chapters, one analyzing the legal context of social welfare programs and policies, and one analyzing the historical context of social welfare programs and policies.
  • Chapter 10 is a model chapter that uses child welfare legislation to highlight the methods and results of analysis, demonstrating the practical applications of the theoretical concepts.
  • Chapter 8: Analysis of Interactions Among Policy Elements discusses finance to further reinforce for students the practical implications of theoretical concepts. A case example is provided anddescribes using disparate funding sources to pay for the multiple services consumers need.
  • The emergence of for-profit corporations in social services financing and delivery is discussed and examples are provided.
  • Internet links for all federal agencies, major foundations, child welfare data, and other important sources are provided to students.
  • This text uses the most up-to-date information on current social programs.
  • Available instructor resources include:
    • PowerPoint Slides
    • Instructor’s Manualand Test Bank
    • MyTest computerized Test Bank
  • Create a Custom Text: For enrollments of at least 25, create your own textbook by combining chapters from best-selling Pearson textbooks and/or reading selections in the sequence you want. To begin building your custom text, visit www.pearsoncustomlibrary.com. You may also work with a dedicated Pearson Custom editor to create your ideal text–publishing your own original content or mixing and matching Pearson content. Contact your Pearson Publisher’s Representative to get started.
New to this edition
  • The 6th edition features two new online chapters, one analyzing the legal context of social welfare programs and policies, and one analyzing the historical context of social welfare programs and policies.
  • Sources and references have been updated in every chapter to bring current research to the attention of students. New data on poverty, poverty lines, TANF, Medicare/Medicaid, and child welfare legislation have been included. Where appropriate, differential effects have been highlighted.
  • Coverage of the changes to the U.S. welfare system since the 2008 recession is now included.
  • Chapter One: Analyzing the Social Problem has been updated with contemporary examples to illustrate the continuing struggle to provide appropriate social welfare services.
  • Chapter Two: An Overview of a Style of Policy Analysis uses new examples to demonstrate the interaction between personal beliefs and social policy.
  • Chapter Three: The Analysis of Policy Goals and Objectives in Social Programs and Policies provides new and contemporary examples to show the power the formal tools of social policy analysis can give practitioners.
  • The chapters on eligibility have been revised to give students more tools to advocate for consumers. 
  •  The chapters on service delivery design and social policy and program design have been updated with current examples. The ways in which private or ideological beliefs become policy is now illustrated with case examples.
  • Chapter Seven: How Do We Pay for Social Welfare Policies and Programs? Analysis of Financing has been completely revised, with an analytic framework, description and analysis of current funding levels, and an extensive case example.
  • The final chapters have been updated with new findings from social research and hew changes in legislation.
Table of contents

Found in this Section:

1. Brief Table of Contents

2. Full Table of Contents


1. BRIEF TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

Preface

 

PART ONE: CREATING THE CONTEXT FOR SOCIAL POLICY ANALYSIS: THE SOCIAL PROBLEM CONTEXT

Chapter 1: Analyzing the Social Problem Background of Social Policies and Social Programs

 

PART TWO: A STYLE OF POLICY ANALYSIS FOR THE PRACTICAL PUBLIC POLICY ANALYST

Chapter 2: An Overview of a Style of Policy Analysis: A Value-Critical Approach

Chapter 3: The Analysis of Policy Goals and Objectives in Social Programs and Policies

Chapter 4: Who Gets What: The Analysis of Types of Benefits and Services

Chapter 5: Who Gets What, How Much, and Under What Conditions: Analysis of Eligibility Rules

Chapter 6: Analysis of Service-Delivery Systems and Social Policy and Program Design

Chapter 7: How Do We Pay for Social Welfare Policies and Programs? Analysis of Financing

Chapter 8: Analysis of Interactions among Policy Elements

 

PART THREE: ANALYSIS OF SOCIAL POLICIES AND SOCIAL PROGRAMS USING BASIC CONCEPTS AND EVALUATION CRITERIA: AN EXAMPLE

Chapter 9: An Example of Social Policy and Social Program Analysis: Selected Features of Federal Child Welfare Legislation since 1970 Concerned with Child Abuse

 

Notes

Photo Credits

Index


2. FULL TABLE OF CONTENTS

Preface

 

PART ONE: CREATING THE CONTEXT FOR SOCIAL POLICY ANALYSIS: THE SOCIAL PROBLEM CONTEXT

Chapter 1: Analyzing the Social Problem Background of Social Policies and Social Programs

The Nature of Social Problems

Social Problem Analysis

Problem Definition

Causes and Consequences

Ideology and Values

Gainers and Losers

Using the Conclusions of Social Problem Analysis to Design Social Policies and Programs and to Judge Their “Fit” to the Social Problem

Summary

 

PART TWO: A STYLE OF POLICY ANALYSIS FOR THE PRACTICAL PUBLIC POLICY ANALYST

Chapter 2: An Overview of a Style of Policy Analysis: A Value-Critical Approach

The Policy and Program Analysis Process: An Overview of the Six Fundamental Policy Elements

Criteria for a Value-Critical Appraisal of Social Policy and Programs

Summary

 

Chapter 3: The Analysis of Policy Goals and Objectives in Social Programs and Policies

Introduction

Definitions and Basic Concepts for Analysis of Goals and Objectives

Different Types of Goals and Objectives

Long-Term/Short-Term Goals and Objectives

Goals Differ from Latent Social Functions

Distinguishing between Goals and Objectives

Objectives (Not Goals) Must Contain Target Group Specifications and Performance Standards

Why Have Both Goals and Objectives?

Setting Goals and Objectives in the Personal Social Services

Social Control and Program and Practice Objectives

Goals and Objectives Vary According to the Developmental Stage of the Program

Methods of Identifying Goals and Objectives

Step 1: Locate the Enabling Legislation

Step 2: Locate Legislative History

Step 3: Locate Staff and Committee Studies and Reports

Step 4: Check Other “Official” Sources

Locating Sources for Goals and Objectives in State-Administered and Private Social Programs

Evaluating Program or Policy System Goals and Objectives: A Value-Critical Approach

Evaluating the Fit between Goals and Objectives and the Social Problem Analysis

Evaluating Goals and Objectives against Traditional Economic Criteria: Adequacy, Equity, and Efficiency

Adequacy

Equity With Respect to Goals and Objectives

Efficiency With Respect to Goals and Objectives

Some Evaluation Criteria Unique to Goals and Objectives

Clarity

Measurability

Manipulability

Concern with Outcomes, Not Services Provided

The Analyst’s Own Value Perspectives in Evaluating the Merit of Goals and Objectives

Summary

 

Chapter 4: Who Gets What: The Analysis of Types of Benefits and Services

Introduction

A Classification Scheme for Benefit and Service Types

Summary of Types of Benefits and Services

Multiple and Interrelated Benefits

Criteria for Evaluating the Merit of Benefit and Service Types

Stigmatization, Cost-Effectiveness, Substitutability, Target Efficiency, and Trade-Offs

The Political and Public Administration Viewpoint

Criteria for Evaluating the Merit of Benefit Types: Consumer Sovereignty, Coercion, and Intrusiveness

Criteria for Evaluating the Fit of the Benefit/Service Type to the Social Problem Analysis

Criteria for Evaluating the Merit of Benefit Forms: Adequacy, Equity, and Efficiency

Summary

 

Chapter 5: Who Gets What, How Much, and Under What Conditions: Analysis of Eligibility Rules

Introduction

Types of Eligibility Rules

Eligibility Rules Based on Prior Contributions

Eligibility by Administrative Rule and Regulation

Eligibility by Private Contract

Eligibility by Professional Discretion

Eligibility by Administrative Discretion

Eligibility by Judicial Decision

Eligibility by Means Testing

Establishing Attachment to the Workforce

Eligibility Inclusion and Exclusion

Criteria for Evaluating the Merit of Eligibility Rules

Fit with the Social Problem Analysis

Criteria Specific to Eligibility Rules

Trade-Offs in Evaluating Eligibility Rules

Overwhelming Costs, Overutilization, and Underutilization

Work Disincentives, Incentives, and Eligibility Rules

Procreational Incentives, Marital Instability, and Generational Dependency

Opportunities for Political Interference via Weak Eligibility Rules

Summary

 

Chapter 6: Analysis of Service-Delivery Systems and Social Policy and Program Design

Introduction

Social Policy and Program Design

Program Theory (The Logic Model)

Program Specification

Some Different Types of Administration and Delivery of Social Service Programs, Benefits, and Services

Centralized Service-Delivery Systems

Client-Centered Management and “Inverted Hierarchy” Service-Delivery Systems

Federated Service-Delivery Organizations

Case-Management Service-Delivery Systems

Staffing with Indigenous Workers as a Service-Delivery Strategy

Referral Agencies in Delivering Social Service

Program Consumer/Beneficiary, Client-Controlled Organizations as a Service-Delivery Strategy

Racial, Ethnic, and Religious Agencies as a Service-Delivery Strategy

Privatization of Service Delivery

Criteria for Evaluating Program Administration and Service Delivery

Introduction

Services and Benefits Should Be Integrated and Continuous

Services and Benefits Should Be Easily Accessible

Organizations Should Be Accountable for Their Actions and Decisions

Citizens and Consumers Should Be Participating in Organizational Decision Making

Organizations and Their Staff Must Be Able to Relate to Racial, Gender, and Ethnic Diversity

Organizations Must Resist the Temptation to Self-Perpetuate

Summary

 

Chapter 7: How Do We Pay for Social Welfare Policies and Programs? Analysis of Financing

Introduction

Evaluative Criteria Specific to Financing

 

Chapter 8: Analysis of Interactions among Policy Elements

Introduction

Coentitlement

Disentitlement

Contrary Effects

Duplication

Summary

 

PART THREE: ANALYSIS OF SOCIAL POLICIES AND SOCIAL PROGRAMS USING BASIC CONCEPTS AND EVALUATION CRITERIA: AN EXAMPLE

Chapter 9: An Example of Social Policy and Social Program Analysis: Selected Features of Federal Child Welfare Legislation since 1970 Concerned with Child Abuse

The Social Problem Context

Definition of the Social Problem

The Ideological Perspective

Causal Analysis

Gainers and Losers

The Judicial Context

The Historical Context

The Social Program and Policy System

Introduction

Goals and Objectives

Eligibility Rules

Form of Benefit and/or Service

Administration and Service Delivery

Financing

Interactions between Basic Policy Elements and between This and Other Programs

 

Notes

Photo Credits

Index