Making Content Comprehensible for Elementary English Learners: The SIOP Model, 3rd Edition

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Making Content Comprehensible for Elementary English Learners: The SIOP Model, 3rd Edition

By Jana Echevarria, MaryEllen Vogt, Deborah J. Short
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For courses in ESL/EL Methods, and General Methods (Elementary)

This package includes the Enhanced Pearson eText and the bound book.


A comprehensive, coherent, research-validated model designed for helping elementary English learners meet rigorous academic standards.

In this comprehensive guide, elementary educators get a user-friendly approach for planning and implementing lessons that provide students access to grade-level content, develop students’ academic English skills, and prepare students to be college- and career-ready. Proven successful in improving teaching effectiveness and realizing academic gains for students, the SIOP Model presented in this book can be implemented in all content areas, and across grade levels and English proficiency levels.

Highlights of the 3rd Edition include specific applications of SIOP to Common Core and other state standards, as well as new educational reforms such as ESSA. To help teachers implement the SIOP model, new learning aids have been added, including Reflect and Apply exercises, Teaching with Technology vignettes, a new SIOP lesson plan template and sample lesson plan, and a new user-friendly approach to identifying and writing language objectives. The Enhanced Pearson eText version provides embedded video links that enable students to see the SIOP model in action, along with interviews featuring SIOP educators.



Jana Echevarría, PhD, is Professor Emerita at California State University, Long Beach where she was selected as Outstanding Professor. She has taught in general education, special education, ESL, and bilingual programs in U.S. schools, and has lived and worked in Taiwan, Mexico, Spain, and in Macedonia where she was a Fulbright Specialist. Her research and publications focus on effective instruction for English learners, including those with learning disabilities. She has presented her research across the United States and internationally including Oxford University (England), Wits University (South Africa), Harvard University (United States), Stanford University (United States), University of Barcelona (Spain) and South East Europe University (Macedonia). A founding researcher of the SIOP Model, her publications include more than 60 books, book chapters and journal articles. Currently she serves as the EL expert for the U.S. Department of Justice on the Lau case. Her blog is found at


MaryEllen Vogt, EdD, is Professor Emerita of Education at California State University, Long Beach. Dr. Vogt, a former classroom teacher, reading specialist, curriculum coordinator, and teacher educator, received her doctorate from the University of California, Berkeley. She is an author of numerous articles and chapters, and is co-author of seventeen books for teachers and administrators, including Professional Learning in Action: An Inquiry Approach for Teachers of Learning (Risko & Vogt, 2016). Her research interests include improving comprehension in the content areas, teacher change and development, and content literacy and language acquisition for English learners. Dr. Vogt has provided professional development in all fifty states and in several countries, including Germany, where she served as a Visiting Scholar at the University of Cologne. She was inducted into the California Reading Hall of Fame, received her university’s Distinguished Faculty Teaching Award, and served as President of the International Reading Association.


Deborah J. Short, PhD, founded and directs Academic Language Research & Training, a consulting company, and provides professional development on sheltered instruction, content-based language teaching, and academic literacy worldwide. Formerly she was a Division Director at the Center for Applied Linguistics, Washington, DC, where she co-developed the SIOP Model and directed quasi-experimental and experimental studies on English learners funded by the Carnegie Corporation of New York, Rockefeller Foundation, and U.S. Department of Education, among others. Her publications include journal articles, the SIOP® Model book series, and several ESL textbook series for National Geographic/Cengage. She taught English as a second/foreign language in New York, California, Virginia, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. She has served on the Board of Directors of the TESOL International Association and has presented research in the United States, Canada, New Zealand, Brazil, Colombia, Europe, and the Middle East.




Additional text features and benefits include:

  • A comprehensive discussion of the current educational context and the pressing educational needs of English learners ensure teachers are up to date on the needs of students in today’s classrooms.
  • Each of the SIOP’s 8 components are thoroughly presented in Chapters 2-9. Details include a section on theoretical background and current research, targeted teaching techniques and suggestions for differentiation, teaching vignettes set in elementary classrooms illustrating each component an making SIOP come to life for readers, and opportunities for readers to rate lessons using the SIOP protocol and compare their ratings with those of the authors.
  • NEW! Specific examples show how SIOP applies to the Common Core and other state standards, as well as new educational forms such as ESSA.
    • Revised Teaching Scenarios lessons reflect Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS) and Common Core standards for elementary students, demonstrating the compatibility of SIOP with current academic state standards.

Included in the new edition are:

  • A discussion of issues around English learners with reading problems and/or learning disabilities. 
  • Suggestions for scoring and interpreting the SIOP protocol. 
  • Ideas and recommendations for how to implement SIOP effectively in elementary schools. 
  • NEW! Teaching with Technology vignettes describe how to infuse technology into many different SIOP lessons.
  • NEW! A SIOP lesson plan template and sample lesson plan help students take the concepts into their own classrooms.
  • NEW! A user-friendly approach to writing language objectives gives teachers clear guidance and sentence frames for identifying and writing language objectives in their lesson plans.
  • NEW! Expanded discussion on issues related to the formal and informal assessment of English learners provides an understanding of effective assessment, a critical issue for English learners.
  • NEW! A revised, comprehensive section on English learners and special education provides information on this critical issue.
  • NEW! Information on using non-numeric scores for rating SIOP lessons provides an alternative to giving quantitative feedback for teachers using the SIOP protocol.
Table of contents
  • 1. Introducing the SIOP® Model
  • 2. Lesson Preparation   
  • 3. Building Background   
  • 4. Comprehensible Input  
  • 5. Strategies  
  • 6. Interaction   
  • 7. Practice & Application   
  • 8. Lesson Delivery   
  • 9. Review & Assessment   
  • 10. Issues of Reading, RTI, and Special Education for English Learners 
  • 11. Effective Use of the SIOP® Protocol 
  • 12. Frequently Asked Questions: Getting Started with the SIOP Model
  • Appendix A: SIOP (Sheltered Instruction Observation Protocol)   
  • Appendix B: Lesson Plans   
  • Appendix C: Research on the SIOP (Sheltered Instruction Observation Protocol) Model   
  • Appendix D: SIOP Professional Development Resources   
  • Glossary         
  • References
  • Index