The primary intention of this book is to explore, analyze, and explain global Islamic politics. In doing so, this text discusses the root causes, characteristics, consequences, and implications of global Islamic politics.
Written in a simple and clear style and providing in-depth definitions of key terms, Global Islamic Politics aims to make this important and complex subject accessible to all readers. In addition, the book offers suggestions for ameliorating the relations between the Muslim world and the West in a way that promotes mutual understanding and peace, rather than misunderstanding and conflict.
1. An Overview of Islam.
Islam, Salaam, and Muslim.
Muhammad: Islam's Last Prophet.
Prophet Muhammad's Hadith.
Prophet Muhammad's Sunnah.
Reign of the First Four Caliphs.
Sunnis and Shi'ahs: A Comparison.
The Status of Women in Islam.
The Heterogeneous Muslim World.
Table 1.1: An Overview of Islam, Judaism, and Christianity.
2. Islamism and Islamic Revivals.
Islam: A Vehicle for Political Action.
Islam: A Historical Religion.
Islam: An Organic Religion.
Social and Economic Equity and Justice in Islam.
Jihad in Islam.
Islam: An Idiom of Dissent.
Islamism: Past and Present.
3. Revolutionary Islamists.
Emulators of Prophet Muhammad and His Pious Companies.
Crusaders for the Shariah's Implementation.
Zealous Promoters of the Five Faraidh.
Opponents of Taqlid and Proponents of Ijtihad.
Ardent Foes of Secular Nationalism.
Some Revolutionary Islamists in the Modern Period.
4. Traditionalist Islamists.
Preservers of Medieval Islamic Traditions Who Tolerate Local Customs.
Generally Apolitical Pacifists But Occasionally Political Activists.
Opponents of Ijtihad, Proponents of Taqlid.
Opponents of Modernization.
5. Modernist Islamists.
Ardent Opponents of Taqlid, Vigorous Proponents of Ijtihad.
Reformers of Islamic Thought and Practice.
Advocates of Reconciliation among Islamic Sects.
Table 5.1: A Typology of Islamists.
6. Failure of Muslim Secularists in the Postcolonial Muslim States.
Failure of Secular Ideologies.
Manifestations of Six Developmental Crises in Muslim Nations.
7. Islamic Politics in the Arab-Israeli Conflict.
The Palestinian Catastrophe (al-Nakba).
The First Arab-Israeli War (1948-1949).
The Suez War (1956).
The 1967 Arab-Israeli War.
Arson at Al-Aqsa Mosque and Nasser's Death.
The 1973 Arab-Israeli War.
Israel's 1982 Invasion of Lebanon.
The First Palestinian Intifadah.
The Gulf War and the Palestinians.
The Madrid Peace Process.
Israel Attacks Islamists in Southern Lebanon.
The Oslo Peace Process.
The Ibrahimi Mosque Massacre of Palestinian Worshipers.
The PLO and Israel Continue the Peace Process.
The Second Palestinian Intifadah.
The Mitchell and Tenet Plans.
The Israeli Security Fence.
The Abdullah and Bush Plans.
Table 7.1: Middle Eastern Countries: Vital Facts and Figures.
8. OPEC, OAPEC, and the OIC: Institutionalizing Pan-Islamism.
Prelude to OPEC's Ascendency.
The Future of OPEC.
The OIC and Pan-Islamism.
The OIC's Role in Institutionalizing the Islamic Revival.
9. The Islamic Revolution in Iran.
The Genesis of a Revolution.
Exporting Revolutionary Islam.
The U.S. Embassy Hostage Crisis.
The Post-Khomeini Era.
Key Events in the History of Iran.
10. Afghanistan: One Nation, Divisible.
The Pre-Communist Era.
The Soviet Invasion (1979-1989).
The Soviets Withdraw.
The Rise and Reign of the Taliban.
The Afghan Arabs: With Friends Like These.
The Fall of the Taliban.
11. Perceiving Islam: The Causes and Consequences of Islamophobia in the Western Mass Media.
Clash of Western and Islamic Civilizations: Historical Roots.
Anti-Islamic Bias in the Western Mass Media.
The Western Mass Media and the Iranian Revolution.
The Rushdie Controversy.
The Gulf War.
The War on Terror.