The Asian Pacific, Second Edition, provides a thought- provoking introduction to both the internal and international politics of the fifteen mainland and island countries of East and Southeast Asia, including Japan, North and South Korea, China, and Vietnam. Beginning with an examination of the colonial experience and its impact on the growth of nationalism and the formation of modern political and economic institutions, the book utilizes cross-national comparisons to illuminate the transformation of traditional cultures and their adaptation of Western ideologies. This book offers students, businessmen, journalists, other professionals and ordinary citizens with a fascinating, current introduction to the overall anatomy of political, economic, and cultural development in Asian Pacific countries to date.
(Each Chapter concludes with a Summary, Questions for Discussion, Notes, and For Further Reading). 1. Comparing Asian Pacific Countries.
Some Facts and Some Theories.
The Asian Pacific Region: Diversity and Commonalities.
Theories of Development. 2. The Imposition of Colonialism.
European Roots of Colonialism.
Three Theoretical Views of Colonialism.
Traditional Societies on the Eve of Colonialism.
The Conquest of Southeast and East Asia.
Manchu and Meiji: Alternative Responses to Colonialism.
The Diversity of Colonial Rule. 3. Nationalism and the Movement for Independence.
Nationalism and Its European Origins.
The Roots, Trunk, and Branches of Asian Nationalism.
The Evolution of the Nationalist Mission in China and Indonesia.
Nationalism and the Movement for Independence in the Philippines and Cambodia.
Nationalism and Ethnic Separatism in Malaya and Burma.
Nationalism from Above in Thailand and Japan.
Independence and the Problems of Nation Building. 4. Asian Pacific Governments and Politics in Transition.
Three Theoretical Perspectives on Postindependence Governments.
Leninist-Style Parties Adapted to the Asian Context.
Rule by Military "Developers".
Authoritarian Pluralism and the Transition to Democracy.
Strong State-Weak State.
The Special Case of Cambodia.
Why Authoritarianism? Is the Trend toward Democracy? 5. Political Economy and Development.
Distinctive Features of Development in the Asian Pacific.
Four Models of Political Economy.
Contrasting the Political Economy of Japan and Maoist China.
The NICs' Developmental Pattern.
The Search for a Socialist Guided Market.
Southeast Asia: The NECs and the Exceptions. 6. Culture and Ideology.
Culture and Ideology in the Theories of Development.
The Appeal of Western Ideologies.
Distinctive Features of Asian Cultures.
Evolution of Ideologies in Confucian Societies.
Evolution of Ideologies in Other Asian Societies. 7. The Global Context of Asian Pacific Development: The Cold War and After.
The Changing World Political System from the 1940s to the 1990s.
What Explains Foreign Policy Behavior?
Effects of the Cold War: Wars and Alliances.
Erosion of Bipolarity: Nonalignment and Realignments.
The End of the Cold War: New Affinities, Old Enmities.
Rethinking National Security in the Post-Cold War Era. 8. Political Economy of the Asian Pacific Region.
International Politics and the Global Economy in Theoretical Perspective.
U.S. Hegemony and a Regional Growth Economy.
The Japan-Centered Structure of Regional Trade.
Investment Patterns in the Region.
Trade, Aid, and Investment among the "newcomers": Myanmar, Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, and North Korea.
Regional Associations for Economic Cooperation.
To Be or Not to Be: The Question of Asian Pacific Regionalism. 9. Summing Up and Looking Ahead.
The Record of Political and Economic Achievements.
How Well Do the Theories Explain Development?
Prospects for Political Change: Succession and Human Rights.
The New Global Order and Prospects for the Region. Acronyms. Index.